Fibroids are non-cancerous smooth muscle growths in the uterus that often appear during child-bearing years. Fibroids range in size from the size of a small pea to large masses the size of a breadfruit. Fibroids can occur as a single mass or multiple growths of different sizes.
Many women will have uterine fibroids at some point in their lives. Many cases of fibroids will go unnoticed because most women develop no symptoms. Fibroids have been discovered incidentally during a pelvic exam or ultrasound. For the women who develop symptoms, these could include:
• Abdominal swelling
• Heavy or prolonged menstrual bleeding
• Pelvic pain or pressure
• Frequent urination
• Lower back pain
• Pain during intercourse
• Leg swelling
Some complications that can occur as a result of fibroids include inability to conceive and loss of pregnancy. As soon as fibroids become symptomatic, it is advised to visit a Gynaecologist for treatment. Smaller fibroids can probably be treated with medication. Larger fibroids will require surgical intervention. Some surgical alternatives in the treatment of fibroids include Myolysis, Uterine Artery Embolization, Endometrial Ablation, Myomectomy and Hysterectomy.
At Kelina Hospital we perform both Open and Minimal Access Procedures for fibroids. Laparoscopic Surgical treatment affords the patient, a shorter hospital stay and reduced blood loss. Our Gynaecologists recently successfully removed multiple fibroids from a patient who was an anaesthetic risk due to a previous head injury. The 2-hour procedure successfully removed over 5 large growths asides 20 smaller ones from the uterus of the patient. The largest fibroid was 20cm by 18cm, the size of a 3 month old pregnancy.